BRASÍLIA 50 ANOS | 21 Abril 1960 – 21 Abril 2010 :: «Parabéns Brasília!»

On 21 April 1960 Brazilian President Juscelino Kubitschek led the inauguration ceremony of the country’s new capital, Brasília.

SOURCE: BBC/Photo by René Burri, Magnum Photos

“Nascer do Sol visto do avião” by Márcio Cabral de Moura via Flickr

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The City of My Dreams — the City of the Future — turns 50 today (21 April 2010). Built in an incredible 41 months from 1956 to 1960, Brasília’s construction is a testament to a more optimistic past when the word “future” still had currency.

Obviously, the future failed us — everyone on the planet should be living in «Superquadras» by now. Even the planner and architect of Brasília have disowned this experiment in modernism (see quotes below), but I still believe in the future and I love Brasília.

This post is my tribute to the brilliant men who envisioned, drew, and created one of the 20th century’s most outstanding pieces of modern art, an entire city of the future built on the high plains in the interior of Brazil.

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THE 3 WISE MEN OF BRASÍLIA:

PRESIDENT Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira (JK):

From this Central Plateau, from this lonely place that will soon become the brain of the highest national decisions, I set my sights once more upon my Country’s tomorrow and foresee this dawn with unbreakable faith and a limitless trust in its grand destiny.

– Juscelino Kubitschek, Brasília, 2 October 1956

MASTER PLANNER, Lúcio Costa:

Brasília é um exemplo de como não projetar uma cidade no Brasil … Assim como a morte de Le Corbusier foi um alívio para todo o mundo, o fato de que Brasília fosse construída foi um alívio para todos os arquitetos que finalmente se libertaram daquele pesadelo, daquela arquitetura moderna que vinha desde 1936 até Brasília.

Brasilia is an example of how not to design a city in Brazil … Like Le Corbusier’s death was a relief for everyone, the fact that Brasilia was built was a relief to all architects who finally freed from that nightmare, that modern architecture that came to Brasilia since 1936.

– Lúcio Costa


ARCHITECT Oscar Niemeyer:

It’s obvious that I understand the problems derive from a metropolis that has grown and that unfortunately reflects the capitalist regime with all its vices and injustices.

– Oscar Niemeyer

THESE PHOTOS OF PHOTOS WERE TAKEN DURING MY ONE TRIP TO BRASÍLIA, IN MAY 2004.


LOGOS: 50 years of Brasília

The logo was designed by architect and urban planner Danilo Barbosa Morais who works at the Department of Housing and Urban Development (Sedum). Moraes Barbosa lives in Brasília and is a former professor of architecture at the University of Brasília (UnB).

There were more than 400 entries for the logo from around Brazil.

The compositions of the winning design is a reference to the curves of the works of architect Oscar Niemeyer, the design of urban planner Lucio Costa, and the famous tiles of the artist Athos Bulcão.





VISUAL IDENTITY MANUAL FOR BRASÍLIA’S 50TH ANNIVERSARY LOGO PDF

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Everybody is celebrating fifty years of Brasília now

We too!!! Congratulations Brasília!!!

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Hey! Communicate. Congratulations Brasília!!!

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STRANGER THAN FICTION: HOW IT ALL BEGAN

‘The idea of a new capital in the interior had stayed liked a dead item in the constitution for decades. Nobody cared about this issue, until the time of Juscelino Kubitschek,’ says Professor Galbinski [at the Centre University of Brasilia].

‘When he was campaigning for president he was asked by a young man at a public meeting if he would obey the constitution, to which he replied, “of course I will, I am running for president”.’

‘The young guy pointed out there was an article in the constitution which said the capital should be changed from Rio de Janeiro to the interior of Brazil.’

‘Kubitschek was astonished with this, as he had never thought about it. And he replied, “ok, I will answer you, I will obey all the articles of the constitution, and I will make the move”.’

– Gary Duffy, “Brazil’s ‘new’ capital set to celebrate 50 years,” BBC


THE SCREENSHOTS BELOW ARE FROM «Brasília — Monument der Moderne wird 50 (Architekt Oscar Niemeyer)» ON YOUTUBE.

«Sprechen sie Deutsch?» I DON’T, BUT I STILL FOUND THIS 3-PART SERIES FASCINATING




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– Vicente Castro, 78 quoted in Henry Mace, “The men who built Brazil’s modern Capital,” BBC

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CLICK ON THE SCREENSHOT BELOW TO EXPLORE WIKIMAPIA’S BRASÍLIA:

further reading:

Anniversary for Brasilia leaves architect ‘sad’

Brazil’s futuristic capital Brasilia celebrates its 50th anniversary Wednesday, but the architect behind many of its grandiose concrete buildings says he is sad the city fell short of his egalitarian vision.

BBC |Brasília’s anniversary marred by corruption scandal

Celebrations to mark the 50th anniversary of Brazil’s capital, Brasilia, have been marred by the scandal surrounding the city’s governor.

BBC | In pictures: Brasília celebrates 50 years

BBC | The men who built Brazil’s modern capital Brasília

“Dois Candangos” by Bruno Giorgi commemorates the outstanding achievement of the thousands of workers who came from all parts of Brazil, but particularly from the north east, and built this white city — the last city of the future —in an astounding 41 months.

At the beginning, it was difficult. We worked like slaves — 48 hours without a break — to finish the city in time for the inauguration.

– Vicente Castro, 78 BBC




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