BRASÍLIA 50 ANOS | URBAN PLANNING :: BRASÍLIA ::: quickFACTS

BRASÍLIA quickFACTS

Salvador da Bahia (Brazil’s “capital of happiness”) was the first capital of Portuguese America:

File:PelourinhoBahiaBrazil 01.jpg

From 1763 to 1960, Rio de Janeiro ruled:

File:Rio de Janeiro 1920's.png

In the 1820s, Jose Bonifacio de Andrada e Silva, Brazil’s “Patriarch of Independence,” proposed the name Brasília for a future capital to be in the interior state of Goias, but moving the government from Rio went nowhere until the former mayor Belo Horizonte (who had created Pampulha with Oscar Niemeyer as architect), became president.

Upon assuming office in 1956, President  Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira ordered the construction of Brasília:

Brazil 2002. Brasilia. Birth centenary of President Juscelino Kubitschek, the founder of Brasilia, on the background of the National Congress Building, and the Metropolitan Cathedral.

It was argued that locating the capital in the central plateau would spur develop of the Central-West Region (the yellow bits) of the country:

File:Brazil Labelled Map.svg

It was also a time of thinking big.

“A new capital city in the middle of nowhere?”

“Sure, why not?”

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THE “BIG 3” OF BRAZILIAN DESIGN EACH PLAYED A ROLE:

Lúcio Costa won the design contest and was new city’s main urban planner:

Oscar Niemeyer, a close friend of Costa’s, was the chief architect (he, Le Corbusier and his apostle Richard Meier comprise my 3 Heroes of Architecture):

Oscar Niemeyer in Brasília 1957. © Lisl Steiner

Roberto Burle Marx was the landscape designer:

He also designed the landscape architecture for most of the important mid-century buildings in Brazil, as well as the sinuous Calçadão de Copacabana in Rio:

Copacabana by Ale Amorim.

Above: photo by Alessandro Amorim

Brasília was built in 41 months, from 1956 to April 21, 1960 when it was officially inaugurated

This statue, “Dois Candangos” by Bruno Giorgi, commemorates the outstanding achievement of the thousands of Brazilians who built the city of the future:

Strictly speaking only people born in Brasília are ‘Brasilienses’

Those who have immigrated to Brasília are called ‘Candangos’

Bruno Giorgi, Personnages. Steel, 33 x 11 cm. Source: Milton & Associés. Sold for an undisclosed sum on Friday, 28 March 2008.

I love that statue! Here’s more about Giorgi:

sueno-don-bosco.jpg

According to legend, in 1883 Italian saint Don Bosco had a prophetic dream in which he described a futuristic city that would rise in a location that roughly corresponds to Brasília

He is the city’s patron saint; this is the sanctuary named after him in Brasília:

File:Dom Bosco Brasilia.jpg

When seen from above, the city’s pilot plan (“Plano Piloto”) resembles the shape of an airplane:

File:Brasilia - Plan.JPG

Others see it as a bird with open wings:

Brasilia Pilot Plan, Brazil

(Costa hated all comparisons). His original urban concept pointed to the shape of a cross, to symbolize possession:

lúcio costa by nilton suenaga.

Brasília continues to be a world reference in the field of urban planning:

File:Brasilia brasil.jpg

Brasília has a sui generis status in Brazil, given that it is not a municipality like nearly all cities in Brazil.

Although there is no legal definition for Brasília, the term is almost always used synonymously with the Brazilian Federal District, and thus constitutes an indivisible Federative Unit, analogous to a state.

In the region, however, the word Brasília often refers only to the First Administrative Region within the Distrito Federal(Federal District), also known as “Plano Piloto,” where the most important government buildings are located.

This is in contrast with the surrounding “satellite cities,” which nevertheless are also part of the Federal District, and as such, Brasília, in a broader sense.

– Wikipedia, “Brasília

Above and below: the Palácio da Alvorada (Palace of the Dawn), the official residence of the President of Brazil

Click on the screenshot below to explore Wikimapia’s Brasília:

The capital of Brazil is the only city in the world built in the 20th century to be awarded (in 1987) the status of Historical and Cultural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO

Below: one of my favourite photos of the city (by Augusto Areal), showing the cathedral and rows of Ministry buildings:

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To see more fantastic shots of this City of the Future, visit Luiz Felipe Castro’s flickr set.

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Venturis ventis > “To the coming winds”

Brasília: My City of the Future!

File:Brasão do Distrito Federal (Brasil).svg

File: Bandeira do Distrito Federal.svg

URBAN PLANNING | BRASÍLIA50 ANOS :: 21 ABRIL 1960 – 21ABRIL 2010 ::: «PARABÉNS BRASÍLIA!»

URBAN PLANNING | BRASÍLIA50 ANOS :: 21 ABRIL 1960 – 21ABRIL 2010 ::: MY NEW FAVOURITE PHOTO OF THE FUTURE, ca. 1960

URBAN PLANNING: VIDEO :: DRIVING AROUND BRASÍLIA IN 1967 LISTENING TO KRAFTWERK

flickr >

THE BRASÍL GALLERIES

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